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Systematic review found that cognitive behavioural therapy and hypnotherapy are associated with higher treatment success compared to no intervention for children with functional abdominal pain disorders.

Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) can be divided into four subcategories (functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine and functional abdominal pain not otherwise specified). These painful conditions can severely affect the quality of life …

Read moreSystematic review found that cognitive behavioural therapy and hypnotherapy are associated with higher treatment success compared to no intervention for children with functional abdominal pain disorders.

Systematic review found that every 30 min/week of moderate to vigorous supervised aerobic exercise training in people with type 2 diabetes significantly reduced HbA1c, with the greatest reduction seen with 100 min/week.

Type 2 diabetes is a global public health concern, with increasing incidence and financial burden. Improving glycaemic control (measured by glycated haemoglobin, HbA1c) reduces risks of microvascular complications and cardiovascular disease events. Previous systematic reviews …

Read moreSystematic review found that every 30 min/week of moderate to vigorous supervised aerobic exercise training in people with type 2 diabetes significantly reduced HbA1c, with the greatest reduction seen with 100 min/week.

Systematic review found that exercise training for colorectal cancer survivors during chemotherapy reduces cancer-related fatigue

Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. Up to half of colorectal cancer survivors report cancer-related fatigue, a debilitating and often long-term symptom impacting health-related quality of life and activity participation. . …

Read moreSystematic review found that exercise training for colorectal cancer survivors during chemotherapy reduces cancer-related fatigue

Systematic review found that exercise interventions improve muscle quality in older adults

Muscle quality maintenance or improvement is important for older adults to preserve or enhance physical function and metabolic health. There is conflicting evidence on whether exercise interventions improve morphological muscle quality (structure) and neuromuscular muscle …

Read moreSystematic review found that exercise interventions improve muscle quality in older adults

Systematic review found that surgical stabilisation for a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation reduces the risk of recurrent instability and need for a future surgery compared to sling immobilisation

Anterior shoulder dislocations are among the most common shoulder injuries in adolescent athletes and often occur after acute trauma. Despite multiple studies comparing rates of recurrent instability after surgical stabilisation and non-operative sling immobilisation for …

Read moreSystematic review found that surgical stabilisation for a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation reduces the risk of recurrent instability and need for a future surgery compared to sling immobilisation

Systematic review found that neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves activities of daily living after stroke

Stroke is a leading cause of disability and is typically associated with loss of motor function and reduced ability to perform activities of daily living. Electrical stimulation is recommended in clinical guidelines, but previous systematic …

Read moreSystematic review found that neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves activities of daily living after stroke

Systematic review found that behavioural strategies combined with self-directed exercise programs increase adherence with physical activity in women who had breast cancer

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality in women globally. Self-directed physical activity or exercise programs are associated with positive breast cancer outcomes. Behavioural strategies that can increase adherence with these …

Read moreSystematic review found that behavioural strategies combined with self-directed exercise programs increase adherence with physical activity in women who had breast cancer

Systematic review found that some types of exercise are more effective than others for adults with chronic low back pain

Guidelines recommend exercise as first line care for the treatment of chronic low back pain. A Cochrane review summarised in a PEDro blog in November 2021 concluded that exercise therapy most likely reduces pain when …

Read moreSystematic review found that some types of exercise are more effective than others for adults with chronic low back pain

Systematic review found that exercise reduces pain more than no treatment in adults with chronic non-specific low back pain

Low back pain is the leading cause of disability globally and results in enormous direct healthcare and lost productivity costs. Despite a large amount of research, there remains uncertainty about the best treatment approach for …

Read moreSystematic review found that exercise reduces pain more than no treatment in adults with chronic non-specific low back pain

Welcoming new reporting guidelines for systematic reviews in exercise, rehabilitation and sports – PERSiST

Transparent, accurate and comprehensive reporting of systematic reviews helps clinicians and policy-makers to implement the review findings into practice. This can be facilitated by helping the authors of systematic reviews to clearly report why the …

Read moreWelcoming new reporting guidelines for systematic reviews in exercise, rehabilitation and sports – PERSiST

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