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Systematic review found that behaviour change interventions increase physical activity during admission in hospitalised patients

Admission to hospital for treatment of many health conditions is associated with impaired mobility and a period of bed rest that can lead to reduced physical activity. These low levels of physical activity observed during …

Read moreSystematic review found that behaviour change interventions increase physical activity during admission in hospitalised patients

Systematic review found that exercise prehabilitation increases preoperative functional capacity and decreases postoperative hospital length of stay in people undergoing surgery for abdominal cancer

Prehabilitation aims to promote physical and psychological health and address modifiable risk factors prior to surgery to improve postoperative outcomes. There are conflicting results regarding the effectiveness of prehabilitation in patients with cancer awaiting surgery, …

Read moreSystematic review found that exercise prehabilitation increases preoperative functional capacity and decreases postoperative hospital length of stay in people undergoing surgery for abdominal cancer

Systematic review found that exercise-based prevention programs may reduce the risk of non-contact musculoskeletal injuries in football (soccer) players

Football (soccer) is a popular sport world-wide. Despite the health benefits of playing football, non-contact musculoskeletal injuries (eg, hamstring strain) are relatively common. Exercise-based programs have been developed to prevent injury, but previous evaluations have …

Read moreSystematic review found that exercise-based prevention programs may reduce the risk of non-contact musculoskeletal injuries in football (soccer) players

Systematic review found that pain neurophysiology education may reduce pain and psychological distress in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain

Musculoskeletal pain is prevalent, disabling and associated with high socioeconomic costs. In the 2000’s there was a paradigm shift in using education to treat musculoskeletal pain. Traditional education strategies focused on anatomy, biomechanics and the …

Read moreSystematic review found that pain neurophysiology education may reduce pain and psychological distress in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain

Systematic review found that providing group-based pelvic floor muscle training for all women during pregnancy is more efficient than individual training

Pelvic floor dysfunction and incontinence are common after pregnancy and childbirth. In the first 3 months after childbirth about one in three women have urinary incontinence and up to one in ten have faecal incontinence. …

Read moreSystematic review found that providing group-based pelvic floor muscle training for all women during pregnancy is more efficient than individual training

Systematic review found passive physical treatments for low back pain were most likely to help people who were younger with higher disability and lower psychological distress and psychological treatments were more likely to help those with severe disability

Proven treatments for low back pain only provide modest overall benefits. Matching people to treatments that are likely to be most effective for them may improve clinical outcomes and makes better use of healthcare resources. …

Read moreSystematic review found passive physical treatments for low back pain were most likely to help people who were younger with higher disability and lower psychological distress and psychological treatments were more likely to help those with severe disability

Systematic review found that aerobic exercise promotes smoking cessation in adults in the short term

Smokers tend to have unhealthy habits, including being physically inactive. The combination of smoking and physical inactivity increases the risk of developing chronic diseases. Aerobic exercise may assist smokers to quit. This systematic review aimed …

Read moreSystematic review found that aerobic exercise promotes smoking cessation in adults in the short term

Systematic review found that exercise therapy delivered using advanced telehealth technology may improve exercise capacity, dyspnoea and quality of life in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a major cause of disability and mortality worldwide. There is level 1 evidence that exercise-based pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity, dyspnoea and quality of life. Telecommunication technology can be used …

Read moreSystematic review found that exercise therapy delivered using advanced telehealth technology may improve exercise capacity, dyspnoea and quality of life in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Infographic for systematic review that found that electromechanical- or robot-assisted training increases the likelihood of independent walking after stroke

Last month we summarised the systematic review by Mehrholz et al. The review concluded that electromechanical- or robot-assisted training increases the likelihood of independent walking after stroke. Some suggestions for providing electromechanical- or robot-assisted training …

Read moreInfographic for systematic review that found that electromechanical- or robot-assisted training increases the likelihood of independent walking after stroke

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