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Cochrane systematic review found moderate certainty evidence that physical activity interventions for 6 months or more probably improve exercise capacity in people with cystic fibrosis, when compared to no training

This Cochrane systematic review aimed to estimate the effects of physical activity on exercise capacity, lung function and health-related quality of life in people with cystic fibrosis. This review was an update of a previously …

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Systematic review found that standalone gamified smartphone apps have a small-to-moderate effect on increasing physical activity levels in people of all health statuses and ages

Many people do not meet the recommended levels of physical activity. Strategies are needed to improve motivation for increasing and sustaining physical activity levels. Gamification of smartphone apps involves using game design elements including storytelling, …

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Systematic review found that cognitive behavioural therapy and hypnotherapy are associated with higher treatment success compared to no intervention for children with functional abdominal pain disorders.

Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) can be divided into four subcategories (functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine and functional abdominal pain not otherwise specified). These painful conditions can severely affect the quality of life …

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Systematic review found that every 30 min/week of moderate to vigorous supervised aerobic exercise training in people with type 2 diabetes significantly reduced HbA1c, with the greatest reduction seen with 100 min/week.

Type 2 diabetes is a global public health concern, with increasing incidence and financial burden. Improving glycaemic control (measured by glycated haemoglobin, HbA1c) reduces risks of microvascular complications and cardiovascular disease events. Previous systematic reviews …

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Systematic review found that surgical stabilisation for a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation reduces the risk of recurrent instability and need for a future surgery compared to sling immobilisation

Anterior shoulder dislocations are among the most common shoulder injuries in adolescent athletes and often occur after acute trauma. Despite multiple studies comparing rates of recurrent instability after surgical stabilisation and non-operative sling immobilisation for …

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